In general, there are six different leather grades used to make leather goods - top grain, full grain, corrected grain, split grain, genuine, bonded. Full grain and top grain leathers are the best types to use for most leather goods.
Of all the leather grades, top grain leather offers the finest quality and longevity. This includes the hide's exterior grain, which has fibers that are more closely spaced out and is therefore stronger and more resilient. Full grain leather and rectified grain leather are the two categories into which top grain leathers are divided. Corrected grain leather is produced mostly from top grain leather. A top grain leather is typically used to create high-end leather goods.
The top layer of the hide is where full grain leather is derived. When the hair is taken out of full grain leather, the complete grain and the hide's natural characteristics are seen. You can see the cow's flaws and the personality it acquired through living its life. Full grain leather doesn't deteriorate with time; instead, it develops a patina that reveals the hide's inherent marbling, texture, and color variations.
Full grain leather is incredibly robust and long-lasting, making it ideal for creating a wide variety of leather goods. Each leather belt and other product manufactured with it is unique due to the top layer's natural surface. Most of our belts are crafted from full-grain leather skins.
Top grain leather that has been corrected by sanding and embossing to provide a more even, smooth look. Using metal dies and hydraulic embossers, tanneries may produce a variety of fake grains. To cover up flaws and provide a consistent, organic-feeling texture, the grain is stamped on. Products with a crocodile or snake skin texture are two typical instances of rectified grain.
Products created with this kind of leather may be just as durable as those made with full grain leather, depending on the degree of correction applied. While the surface of the hide is sealed throughout the process of correcting the grain, it takes considerably longer for the surface to acquire a lovely patina, making it simpler to maintain. Overall, if full grain leather is not an option, corrected grain leather is a wonderful material to utilize for belts.
When the top grain of the leather hide is removed from the cushier intermediate layer of corium using a leather splitting machine, split grain leather is the result. A middle split and a flesh split might be used to separate a thicker hide once more. Split grain leather is not as strong or robust as top grain leather since it is thinner, weaker, and has a looser structure. It needs extra maintenance to maintain its superb looks because it has a fuzzy texture on both sides. Genuine leather, suede, and other by-products of the leather industry are most frequently made with it.
Genuine leather is a completed split leather that is created from leftover leather. Genuine leather items are the lowest grade and last on the list among the various grains and cuts. Genuine leather is not as strong and long-lasting as other leather grades, despite the label being a deceptive marketing jargon that gives you the impression that it is a superior material. Genuine leather can give off a wonderful initial impression, but it cannot withstand normal use's wear and tear. This kind of leather is frequently used to create inexpensive upholstered furniture and belts that are mass-produced and of poor quality. Avoid falling for the cheap truck stop belts that frequently have "Genuine Leather" branded on them as a sign of approval since they are a waste of money.
Bonded leather is a cheap imitation of leather and should not be mistaken for real leather. It is a by-product made of shredded, polyurethane- or latex-bounded leather dust and scraps that have been attached to a fiber mesh. The combination, which comprises 10% to 30% leather fibers, significantly affects the longevity of the finished product. Bonded leather provides considerable stain resistance, but with frequent usage, it is practically certain to break and split. A cheap belt constructed of this material should barely survive for around six months.